The Stages of Gum Disease

dentist near damascusA beautiful smile is a nice thing to have, but it can radically change if you do not take care of it. Failing to practice proper dental hygiene and meet with your dentist near Damascus on a regular basis can result in a variety of complications, including gum disease. Gum disease occurs in several stages, and each one comes with its own symptoms. This may not only have negative implications regarding your oral health—gum disease is also linked to heart disease and diabetes. Read on to take a closer look at the stages of gum disease.

Gingivitis

The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. Gingivitis occurs when plaque builds at the gum line and causes the gums to become inflamed. You can prevent plaque from building up by regularly brushing it off of the surfaces of your teeth. When plaque is left unaddressed, it will eventually attack your gums and teeth, causing gingivitis. Individuals who find that they sometimes bleed from their gums when they brush their teeth may be dealing with this early stage of gum disease. Fortunately, the damage at this stage can be reversed with proper dental hygiene and the assistance of your dentist.

Periodontitis

If you notice any symptoms of gingivitis, it is important to talk to your dentist as soon as possible. The longer you wait to address this issue, the more likely it is that your gingivitis will progress into the next stage of gum disease: periodontitis. This stage of gum disease comes with new symptoms and complications. Periodontitis occurs when you have sustained permanent damage to the fibers and bone that hold your teeth. This condition typically causes your gums to form pockets where plaque and food debris can become trapped, which then worsens the problem.

Advanced Periodontitis

Advanced periodontitis is the most severe stage of gum disease and may lead to tooth loss. Individuals with advanced periodontitis experience the destruction of supportive bone and fibers, as well as the shifting and loosening of teeth. It is crucial that you talk to your dentist to design a treatment plan and save your teeth if you are suffering from this stage of gum disease.

Categories: Dental Health