What Are the Risk Factors for Gum Disease?

Gum disease Periodontal disease, more commonly referred to as gum disease, is usually caused by plaque. However, there are a number of other risk factors that may increase a person’s chances of developing gum disease in Damascus . Continue reading to learn more about what the risk factors are.

Lifestyle Choices

Many of the choices you make in your daily life can impact your oral health and your risk for developing gum disease. A poor diet can contribute to gum disease if you are not getting the right nutrients for your body to be able to fight off infection. Tobacco use is a major risk factor; many dentists believe it is one of the leading risk factors in developing gum disease. People with higher levels of stress can also be at risk. Stress leads to a number of health problems that can make it harder for your body to fight off infection.

Hormonal Changes

Women who are pregnant are at a higher risk for gum disease. This is because of the changes in hormones that can make gums more sensitive and vulnerable to developing gingivitis—the earliest stage of gum disease. If you are pregnant, make sure you don’t miss any dental appointments!


People with diabetes are more likely to develop infections, including gum disease. Other diseases that weaken a person’s immune system can lead to a higher risk of gum disease as well. Diseases such as heart disease or arthritis can add to one’s risk because they impact a person’s inflammatory system, and can cause gums to become more inflamed. Some people can also have a genetic predisposition to develop gum disease.


Many medications can cause side effects that impact your oral health. Medications that cause dry mouth can pose a risk, as there is not enough saliva in the mouth to help remove bacteria or debris from food. As there is build-up over time, it can lead to gum disease.